Periodontal (Gum) Disease

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Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy.  Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions.  Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.

Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

What cause gum disease?

Our mouths are full of microbes. These microscopic organisms, in addition to bodily fluid and different particles, continually structure a sticky, vapid “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help dispose of plaque. Plaque that is not uprooted can solidify and structure “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean. Just an expert cleaning by a dental practitioner or dental hygienist can remo


  • Smoking.  Just another good reason to quit smoking. Smoking is one of the most imortant risk factors associated with the development of gum disease. In addition, smoking can lower the chances for successful treatment.
  • Hormonal changes in girls/women. These changes can be significant and make gums even more sensitive and make it easier for gingivitis to develop.
  • Diabetes. In general, people with diabetes are at higher risk for developing infections, including gum disease.
  • Other illnesses. Diseases like cancer or AIDS and their treatments can also negatively affect the health of gums.
  • Medications. Hundreds of prescription and over the counter medications that can reduce the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on the mouth. Without enough saliva, the mouth is vulnerable to infections such as gum disease. And some medicine can cause abnormal overgrowth of the gum tissue; this can make it really hard to keep teeth and gums clean.
  • Genetic susceptibility. Some people are more prone to severe gum disease than others.

Symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Bad breath that won’t go away
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or draining gums
  • Painful biting
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Receding gums or more showing up teeth

Any of these symptoms may be a sign of a serious problem, which should be checked by a dentist. At your dental visit the dentist or hygienist should:

1. Ask about your restorative history to distinguish underlying conditions or hazard elements, (for example smoking) that may help gum sickness.

2. Examine your gums and note any indications of aggravation.

3. Use a minor ruler called a “test” to check for and measure any pockets. In a solid mouth, the profundity of these pockets is generally between 1 and 3 millimeters.

  • Brush your teeth twice a day (with a fluoride toothpaste).
  •  Floss customarily to evacuate plaque from between teeth. On the other hand utilize an unit, for example an extraordinary brush or wooden or plastic pick proposed by a dental expert.
  •  Visit the dental specialist routinely for an examination and proficient cleaning.
  • Don’t smoke!!